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6.劳动人事管理 Labour and Personnel Management
(1)雇工制度 Employment System
八小时工作制 eight-hour working day
班后会制度 system of shift meeting
操作合理化 rationalization of operation
测时 measuring time
厂标竞赛 inter-factory emulations
出勤率 attendance rate
定员 personnel quota
定员标准 personnel quota standard
定员方法 methods of determining personnel quota
多设备管multiple equipment operation
非全时工作制 part-time job .system
岗位练兵 on-the-post training
工时 man-hour
工时利用率 man-hour utilization rate
工效学 ergonomics
工作抽样work sampling
工作地 work station
工作评价 job evaluation
工作日写实 detailed record of workdays
工作时间 working hours
工作研究work study
会客制度 visiting system
技工学校 technician training school
技能形式 formation oi skill
技术测定法 technical measurement method
加班加点 overtime
假期 vacation
交接班制shift system
经验估工法 estimation method of man-hours by experience
考勤制度 system of attendance checking
劳动等级labour grade
劳动定额标准work quota standard
劳动定额管理 work quota management
劳动定额水平work quota level
劳动定额制定 work quota determination
劳动分工 division of labor
劳动服务公司 labour service company
劳动关系 labour relations
劳动合同labor contract
劳动计划 labor plan
劳动纪律 work discipline
劳动竞赛 labour emulation
劳动模范 outstanding worker
劳动强度 labour intensity
劳动争议 labour dispute
劳动制度labour system
劳动组织 work organization
培训中心 training center
疲劳研究fatigue study
平均人数 average number of workers and staff
期末人数 number of workers and staff at the end of period
人才开发 talent development
人事制度 personnel system
三八红旗手活动activity of March Eighth Rod-Banner Pacesetter
三班倒工作制 three-shift working system
时间研究time study

四班三运转制 3-shift work system with 4 groups of workers
四六工作制 4-shift work system with a 6-hour workday
弹性工作时间制度flexitime system
同工种竞赛 emulation among workers of the same type of work
统计分析法 statistical analysis method
先进生产者advanced worker
小指标竞赛 hundred-point emulation
新长征突击手活动shock workers activity of the New Long March
学徒制度 apprenticeship system
训练班 training class
业余学校 sparetirne school
一专多能 expert in one thing and good at many
以工代干 using workers as cadres
预备工制度 pre-employment trainee system
职称 professional title
职工 staff and workers
职工辞退和辞职 dismissal and resignation of workers and staff
职工大学 college for workers and staff
职工调配 allocation of workers and staff
职工技术考核 technical examination of workers and staff
职工奖惩 rewards and penalties for workers and staff
职工晋升 promotion of workers and staff
职工劳动规则 work rules for workers and staff
职工培训 training of workers and staff
职工培训计划 plan for training of workers and staff
职工守则 regulations for workers and staff
职工招收和录用 recruitment and employment of workers and staff
职能资格制 functions and qualification system
自学考试 self-study examination
作息制度 system of work and rest
作业组 work group
(2)工资制度 Wage System
包工工资制 wage system for contract work
保留工资 retained wages
超定额计件工资制system of piecework wage for abovequota output
单项奖 single-item award
浮动工资制 floating wage system
辅助工资 auxiliary wages
附加工资 supplementary wages
干部工资等级制度system of wage brackets of cadres
岗位工资制 post wage system
岗位津贴 allowance for the post
个人收入分配制度system of personal income distribution
工人工资等级制度system of wage brackets of workers
工资等级表 table of wage scales
工资分 wage points
工资改革 reform of the wage system
工资基金管理wage fund control
工资计划 wage plan
工资水平wage level
工资形式wage form
工资自然增长 natural wage increase
工资总额 total sum of wages
股金制度 system of cash payment for shares
规定工资set wages
基本工资basic wages
集体计件工资制 collective piecework wage system
计件工资 piecework wages
计件工资制 piecework wage system
计时工资time rate wages
计时工资制time wage system
技术等级标准 standards for grading skills
加班加点津贴overtime premium
间接计件工资 indirect piecework wage system
奖金制度bonus system
奖励工资 premium wages
津贴制度allowance system
矿山井下津贴 allowance for under-pit work
劳动分红 profit-sharing according to work
劳务费 service fee
累进计件工资制progressive piecework wage system
流动施工津贴 mobile work allowance
名义工资nominal wages
能力工资制 wage system based on ability
年工资 yearly wages
年资序列工资制 wage system based on seniority

平均工资average wage
日工资 daily wages
生活工资 living wages
实际工资 real wages
实际工资指数 real wage index
提成工资制 system of having a portion of retained profits for wage increases
停工津贴allowance for work stoppage
野外工作津贴field work allowance
月工资 monthly wages
直接无限计件工资制direct and unlimited piecework wage system
职工副食品价格补贴non-staple food price subsidy lor workers and staff
职工工资升级 wage increases for workers and staff
周工资 weekly wages
综合奖 comprehensive award
最低工资minimum wages
最高工资maximum wages
7 劳动保险 Labour Insurance
补助金 grant-in-aid;subsidy
产假工资照发 maternity leave with full pay
车马费 travel allowance
福利费 welfare funds
福利国家 welfare state
福利基金welfare fund
福利设施 welfare facilities
福利事业 welfare projects (/services)
抚恤金 pension for a disabled person or the family of the deceased
工厂急救站 factory first-aid station
工厂日间托儿所factory creche
工厂医疗室 factory clinic
工龄和工作年限 seniority and length of service
工人疗养院 worker's sanatorium( /convalescent home)
工人休养所worker’s rest home
工人恤养保险 worker's compensation insurance
工伤 injury sustained in the performance of duty
工作福利 work fare
公费医疗 free medical care
公共福利 public welfare
公益金 public welfare fund
规定喂奶时间 time allowed for babynursing
伙食费 money spent on meals;board expenses
集体福利 collective welfare
交通补助 traffic allowance
经济福利 economic welfare
救济金 relief fund
劳动动保险待遇 labor insurance benefits
劳动保险管理 labor insuratice administration
劳动保险经费labor insurance fund
劳动保险条例 labor insurance regulations
女工休息室 rest room for women workers
丧葬费funeral expenses
生活费 living expenses;cost of living
特约医院(合同医院)hospital under contract to a factory
统筹保险基金 overall financing for insurance
退休金 retirement pay;pension
恤养金制pension plans
养老金 old-age pension
医药费 medical expenses( /costs)
因公负伤 work-related injury
职工保险 workers' insurance
职工福利 welfare of workers and staff
治丧费补助 subsidy for funeral expenses
住院费 hospitalization expenses
8.劳动保护 Labour Protection
安全保障措施safety precautions
安全标准 safety standards
安全操作 safety in production
安全操作规程safety code
安全措施safety measures
安全带 safety bell
安全服 protective clothing
安全计划 safety program
安全技术措施 technical safety measures
安全检查safety inspection
安全帽 safety helmet
安全哨 danger-waming(/lookout)post
安全设施safety device
安全生产 safety in production
安全生产教育safety education
安全生产责任制 responsibility system for safety in production
安全系数safety factor
安全因素 safety factor
安全月 safety month
安全制度 safety regulation
八小时工作日eight-hour workday
保健措施 health protection measures
保健费 subsidies for health
不安全因素 unsafety factor
产假 maiernity leave
带电作业hot4ine work
低温作业 working at low temperature
定期健康检查 periodical physical examination periodical checkup (Am.)
防寒防冻 protection against cold and freeze
防火 fire prevention
防火措施 fire prevention measures
防火器材 fire prevention equipment
防火墙 fireproof wall
防暑降溫 heatstroke prevention
放射防护 protection against radiation
高温作业working at high temperature
高温作业补贴 allowance for working at high temperature
隔热墙 insulating wall
工厂卫生factory hygiene

工人伤残赔偿 workmen's compensation
工伤事故 industrial injury
工业事故 industrial accident
工业卫生industrial hygiene
工业噪声制 industrial noise control
婚假 marriage leave
火警警报器fire alarm
火灾善后工作aftermath of fire
降温措施 temperature lowering measures
空气调节 air-conditioning
劳动安全 insulating safety
劳动保护用品 labour protection appliances
劳动条件 labour conditions
劳动卫生 occupational hygiene
灭火器 fire extinguisher
女工保护 protection of women workers
轻工作(照顾怀孕女工)lighter work
人工通风 artificial ventilation
射频辅射防护 protection against radiofrequency and radiation
事故防范 accident prevention
手套和套袖 gloves and sleevelets
水下作业 working under water
探亲假home leave
调整寸 adjustment of working hours
通风 ventilation
通风降温 ventilation and cooling
通风装置 ventilation installation
退休年龄限制 retiring ( /pensionable ) age limit
危险性作业hazardous work
危险性作业补贴allowance for hazardous work
卫生通风 sanitary ventilation
消防设置 fire-fighting equipment
休息日 off day
荧光安全灯 fluorescent safety lamp
营养补助 nourishment subsidies
预防措施 precautionary measures
预防性维修 preventive maintenance
职业病防治 prevention of occupational diseases
自然通风 natural ventilation



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